Constructing Category-Specific Models for Monocular Object-SLAM

Parv Parkhiya1    Rishabh Khawad1    J. Krishna Murthy1    Brojeshwar Bhowmick2    K. Madhava Krishna1   

1 IIIT Hyderabad, India    2 Tata Consultancy Services, Kolkata, India   

We present a new paradigm for real-time object- oriented SLAM with a monocular camera. Contrary to previous approaches, that rely on object-level models, we construct category-level models from CAD collections which are now widely available. To alleviate the need for huge amounts of labeled data, we develop a rendering pipeline that enables synthesis of large datasets from a limited amount of manually labeled data. Using data thus synthesized, we learn category- level models for object deformations in 3D, as well as dis- criminative object features in 2D. These category models are instance-independent and aid in the design of object landmark observations that can be incorporated into a generic monocular SLAM framework. Where typical object-SLAM approaches usually solve only for object and camera poses, we also estimate object shape on-the-fly, allowing for a wide range of objects from the category to be present in the scene. Moreover, since our 2D object features are learned discriminatively, the proposed object-SLAM system succeeds in several scenarios where sparse feature-based monocular SLAM fails due to insufficient features or parallax. Also, the proposed category- models help in object instance retrieval, useful for Augmented Reality (AR) applications. We evaluate the proposed framework on multiple challenging real-world scenes and show — to the best of our knowledge — first results of an instance-independent monocular object-SLAM system and the benefits it enjoys over feature-based SLAM methods.